A Digital Flora
of Newfoundland and Labrador
Vascular Plants



Pinaceae: Pine Family



Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.  var. phanerolepis Fernald






  Always under construction!  Please check back periodically.  

Page created October 14, 2001
Page last updated December 10, 2010




Navigate this Page - "Pinaceae: Pine Family":
Abies balsamea
Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis
Abies balsamea "bluish form"
Abies balsamea with Yellow Witches' Broom [pathology]
Abies balsamea with Balsam Wooly Adelgid (= aphid) [pathology]
Larix decidua
Larix decidua "pendulous form"
Larix cf. kaempferi
Larix laricina
Larix ×marschlinsii [= Larix ×eurolepis]
Picea abies
Picea abies with Eastern Spruce Gall [pathology]
Picea glauca
Picea glauca with Large-Spored Spruce-Labrador Tea Rust [pathology]
Picea glauca with Eastern Spruce Gall [pathology]
Picea mariana
Picea cf. mariana "upland ecotype"
Picea pungens
Picea rubens
Picea sitchense
Pinus banksiana
Pinus resinosa
Pinus strobus
Pinus sylvestris
Pinus sylvestris [native Scottish form]





Abies balsamea (Linnaeus) Miller  -  Balsam Fir - [NF, LAB]
Pouch Cove to Shoe Cove section of the East Coast Trail, Newfoundland. Edge of coniferous woods. August 25, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones on top of tree
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Shoe Cove Road. Edge of coniferous woods. October 20, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branch

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Abies balsamea (L.) (Linnaeus) Miller var. phanerolepis Fernald [= Abies x phanerolepis (Fernald) Liu]  -  Balsam Fir ["bracted" variety] - [NF, LAB]
Witless Bay, Newfoundland. Mickeleen's path, East Coast Trail. Stunted coniferous woods near shore. June 4, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Tors Cove, Newfoundland. Tinker Cove Trail, East Coast Trail. Stunted coniferous woods near shore. June 8, 2008. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. East Coast Trail. Stunted coniferous woods near shore. June 8, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cones
Developing Female Cones
Developing Female Cones
Developing Male Cones
Developing Male Cones
Cap Crow, Lourdes-de-Blanc-Sablon, Québec [just west of Labrador border]. Stairway to the statue of the Virgin Mary. Isolated patches of low trees in maritime barrens. July 12, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones
Cones
Burgeo, Newfoundland. Sandbanks Provincial Park. July 15, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones and Branches
Flatrock, Newfoundland. Windgap Road. Trail to Kittiwake cliff. June 19, 2007. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cones
Cape of Miquelon, St.-Pierre et Miquelon. July 19, 1998. [Print - John Maunder]
Cones
Trail from Long Beach to Mistaken Point, Newfoundland. Isolated patches of low trees in maritime barrens. July 24, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Closeup of cones
Pouch Cove to Shoe Cove section of the East Coast Trail, Newfoundland. Edge of coniferous woods. August 25, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones with oozing gum
Cones with oozing gum
Semi-bracted cones!
Semi-bracted cones!
Flatrock, Newfoundland. Gallows Cove. East Coast Trail. Open coniferous woods. October 7, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cone, Bract Tips Closeup
Cone, Bract Tips Closeup
Cone, Bract Tips
Cone
Leafy Branchlet
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Shoe Cove Road. Edge of coniferous woods. October 20, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branch

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Abies balsamea (Linnaeus) Miller "bluish form"  -  Balsam Fir - [NF, LAB]
Cow Head Headland, Newfoundland. Trail to western tip. Coniferous woods. June 28, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Trees in Habitat
Trees in Habitat
Trees in Habitat
Cow Head Headland, Newfoundland. Trail to western tip. Coniferous woods. July 18, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branches
Trees in Habitat
Cow Head Headland, Newfoundland. Trail to western tip. Coniferous woods. July 23, 2005. [Digital - Dan/Pat Montegue]
Trees in Habitat

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Abies balsamea (Linnaeus) Miller  -  Balsam Fir - [NF, LAB] [With Yellow Broom Rust (Melampsorella caryophyllacearum = Melampsorella ceratsii)]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Bauline Line. Open grown-over pastureland, with a few large old trees. May 11, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Witches' Broom on top of very tall tree
Witches' Broom on top of very tall tree
St. John's, Newfoundland. Bowring Park. Open mixed woods. May 24, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Witches' Broom
Witches' Broom
Spaniard's Bay, Newfoundland. Coniferous woods. May 29, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Witches' Broom
Witches' Broom
Witches' Broom
Witches' Broom
St. John's, Newfoundland. Kent's Pond. Coniferous woods. June 8, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Witches' Broom
Witches' Broom with isopods Porcellio scaber
Witches' Broom with isopods Oniscus asellus and Porcellio scaber
Witches' Broom with isopods Porcellio scaber
Witches' Broom
Witches' Broom
Witches' Broom
Witches' Broom
Just east of L'Anse-au-Loup, Labrador. Battery Trail. Stunted coniferous woods. July 8, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Witches' Broom, Closeup
Witches' Broom
St. John's, Newfoundland. Kent's Pond. Coniferous woods. September 17, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Remains of Old Witches' Broom
St. John's, Newfoundland. Torbay Road. Johnson Family Trail behind Buddhist temple. Edge of coniferous woods. September 25, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Remains of Old Witches' Brooms

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Abies balsamea (Linnaeus) Miller  -  Balsam Fir - [NF, LAB] [With Balsam Woolly Adelgid (= aphid) (Adelges piceae)]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Bauline Line. Open grown-over pastureland, with a few large old trees. May 11, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Gout
Gout
Gout
Gout
Gout
Male Cones
Male Cones
Male Cones
Underside of Needles

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Larix decidua Miller  -  European Larch [e]
St. John's, Newfoundland. Long Pond, behind Memorial University's "Wave Tank" Building. Plantation. May 7, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Very Young Male Cones
Very Young Male Cone
Old Female Cone and Very Young Male Cones
Very Young Female Cone
Very Young Female Cone
Old Female Cones
Trees in Habitat
St. John's, Newfoundland. Carrick Drive. Stream flowing into Virginia Lake. June 11, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Mature Female Cone
Leafy Branches
St. John's, Newfoundland. Carrick Drive. Stream flowing into Virginia Lake. June 11, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone [green form]
Developing Female Cone [green form]
Developing Female Cone [green form]
St. John's, Newfoundland. Long Pond, behind Memorial University's "Wave Tank" Building. Plantation. June 13, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing and Mature Female Cones
Mature Female Cone
Mature Female Cone
Mature Female Cone
Mature Female Cones
Mature Female Cone, Top View
Mature Female Cone, Top View
Trees in Habitat
St. John's, Newfoundland. Carrick Drive. Stream flowing into Virginia Lake. June 20, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Mature Female Cones
St. John's, Newfoundland. Carrick Drive. Stream flowing into Virginia Lake. June 20, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cones [green form]
Developing Female and Male Cones [green form]
St. John's, Newfoundland. Long Pond, behind Memorial University's "Wave Tank" Building. Plantation. September 17, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones
Cones

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Larix decidua Miller "pendulous form"  -  European Larch [e]
St. John's, Newfoundland. Waterford River. Trail opposite old railyards, below big bridge. June 16, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Old Cones
Old Cones
Branch Tip
Branch Tip
Lower Branches
Lower Branches
Lower Branches
Lower Section of Tree
Lower Section of Tree

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Larix kaempferi (Lambert) Carrière  -  Japanese Larch [NF] [e]
St. John's, Newfoundland. Waterford River. Trail opposite old railyards, below big bridge. June 20, 2008. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Branch Tip
Butterpot Provincial Park, Newfoundland. Near Trans Canada Highway. Vicinity of Five Mile Pond. Plantation. June 22, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Female Cone
Female Cone
Trees in Habitat
Tilton, Newfoundland. Tilton Pine Plantation, west of highway. July 10, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cones
Young Female Cones, and Branches
Twig, Closeup

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Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch  -  Larch, Tamarack, "Juniper" - [NF, LAB]
Portugal Cove, Newfoundland. Blast Hole Ponds Road. Open, stunted conifer woodland and heath. May 10, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Very Young Female Cone
Very Young Female Cone
Very Young Female Cones
Young Male Cone
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Bauline Line. Open Kalmia woodland. May 11, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Very Young Female Cone
Very Young Female Cone
Very Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Male Cone
Young Male Cones
Young Male Cone
Young Male Cones
Leafless Branches
Very Old Tree
Bay Roberts, Newfoundland. Old Track. Conifer woods. May 26, 2007. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cones
Developing Female Cones
Flatrock, Newfoundland. Picco's Brook. Wet, open woods. June 9, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Mature Female Cone
Mature Female Cone
Mature Female Cones
Big Brook, Newfoundland. Limestone heath near shore. July 4, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Mature Cones and Leaves
Fertile Branch prostrate on ground.
Cape St. Francis, Newfoundland. Gully Trail. Near coast. July 11, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cones and Leaves
Blow-me-down Mountain Trail, Humber Arm, Newfoundland. Serpentine-rich rock barrens. July 18, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cones
Developing Female Cones
Whole Wind-Prunned Tree, with wind-prunned Pinus strobus behind.
Raleigh, Newfoundland. Burnt Cape. Limestone heath. July 21, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Wind-Prunned Tree
Wind-Prunned Tree
Wind-Prunned Tree
Raleigh, Newfoundland. Burnt Cape. Limestone heath. July 21, 2005. [Digital - Pat/Dan Montegue]
Stunted Plant on limestone rock
Doctor's Hill, Highlands of St. John, Newfoundland. [Digital - Jeff Lewis]
Very Old Tree
"Red Rocky River", about 8 km E of Grand Beach Jct., Burin Peninsula, Newfoundland. River floodplain. July 22, 2010. [Digital - John Maunder]
Prostrate Plant
Prostrate Plant in Habitat
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Diamond's Road. August 9, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
New Cones
New Cone and Leaves
New Cones and Leaves
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Within Ecological Reserve. Alpine barrens. August 10, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Wind-Prunned Tree
Wind-Prunned Tree
Wind-Prunned Trees
Matted Tree
Snow's Pond, North River, Conception Bay, Newfoundland. Heath woods. October 24, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cone
Cone and Twig

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Larix ×marschlinsii Coaz [Larix kaempferi (Lamb.) Carriére x Larix decidua Miller] [Larix ×eurolepis is an illegitimate name]  -  Hybrid [= Dunkeld] Larch [e]
Torbay, Newfoundland. Father Troy Trail. Open fields. April 17, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Old Female Cones
Old Female Cones
Old Female Cones
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Damp, grassy clearing, in coniferous woodland. May 17, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cones
Young Female Cones
Young Male Cone
Young Male Cone
Young Male Cone
Young Male Cones
Young Male Cones
Old Female Cone
Old Female Cone
Old Female Cone
Old Female Cone
Old Female Cone
Old Female Cones
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Damp, grassy clearing, in coniferous woodland. May 20, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Old Female Cone
Young Female [left] and Male [right] Cones
Young Male Cones
Trees in Habitat
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Damp, grassy clearing, in coniferous woodland. May 23, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Old Cone, and Very Young Cones
Between Tilton and Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Pine plantation. May 24, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Mature Female Cone
Mature Female Cone
Mature Female Cone
Mature Female Cone
Torbay, Newfoundland. Bauline Line. Three Island Pond Road. Edge of old cabin property. June 2, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone and Needles
Young Female Cones and Needles
Young Female Cones and Needles
Young Female Cones and Needles
Young Female Cones and Needles
Old Female Cone
Old Female Cones
Old Female Cones
Old Female Cones
Needles
Torbay, Newfoundland. Side road near main bridge. Edge of urban property. June 5, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone
Young Female Cone, and Needles
Old Female Cone
Branch with Old Female Cones
Branch with Old Female Cones
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Damp, grassy clearing, in coniferous woodland. June 10, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cones
Mature Female Cone
Mature Female Cone
St. John's, Newfoundland. Long Pond, behind Memorial University's "Wave Tank" Building. Plantation. June 13, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone and Mature Cone
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Damp, grassy clearing, in coniferous woodland. June 30, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Female Cone
Developing Female Cone
Female Cone
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Damp, grassy clearing, in coniferous woodland. September 9, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Maturing Cone
Maturing Cone
Maturing Cones
Leaves
St. John's, Newfoundland. Long Pond, behind Memorial University's "Wave Tank" Building. Plantation. September 17, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Damp, grassy clearing, in coniferous woodland. October 20, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Mature Cones
Mature Cone and Leaves
Mature Cone and Leaves
Leaves

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Picea abies (Linnaeus) H. Karsten  -  Norway Spruce - [NF] [e]
Bay Roberts, Newfoundland. Just north of Conception Bay Highway, near old track crossing. May 22, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Male Cone
Developing Male Cone
Leafy Branchlet
Branch
Mature Female Cones, and Branch
Mature Female Cones, and Branches
Whole Tree in Habitat
Marysvale, Newfoundland. Pine and spruce plantation. Formerly barren ridge. December 24, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Twig and Buds
Twig and Buds
Twig and Buds
Twig and Buds
Branches

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Picea abies (Linnaeus) H. Karsten  -  Norway Spruce - [NF] [e] [With Eastern Spruce Gall (Adelgis abietis)]
Marysvale, Newfoundland. Pine and spruce plantation. Formerly barren ridge. December 24, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Spruce Gall
Spruce Gall
Spruce Gall

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Picea glauca (Moench) E. G. Voss  -  White Spruce - [NF, LAB]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Edge of coniferous woods. May 12, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Twigs and Needles
Twigs and Needles
South River, Clarke's Beach, Newfoundland. Edge of coniferous woods. Low trees near brackish steady. June 3, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Young Female Cones
Young Female Cones
Young Female Cones
Young Female Cones
Young Female Cones
Male Cone with Pollen
Male Cones with Pollen
Male Cones with Pollen
Male Cones with Pollen
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Edge of coniferous woods. June 8, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Male Cone
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Edge of coniferous woods. June 11, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Female Cones
Female Cones
Female Cones
Female Cones
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Edge of coniferous woods. June 24, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Female Cones
Raleigh, Newfoundland. Burnt Cape. Limestone barrens. July 21, 2005. [Digital - Dan Montegue]
Cones
Tors Cove, Newfoundland. Tinkers Point Trail. June 24, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Terminal Broom [pathology unknown - reminiscent of Archeuthobium pusillum]
Terminal Broom [pathology unknown - reminiscent of Archeuthobium pusillum]
Terminal Broom [pathology unknown - reminiscent of Archeuthobium pusillum]
Bellburns, Newfoundland. Table Head. Limestone heath. July 23, 2005. [Digital - Dan Montegue]
Wind-pruned
Tuckamore
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Edge of coniferous woods. July 28, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Twig
Twig
Branch Tip
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Edge of heathland. September 7, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones
Spaniard's Bay, Newfoundland. Near barachois pond. Coniferous woods. September 8, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones
Islington, Newfoundland. Western Head Trail. Shore heath. Edge of stunted woods. September 11, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Exposed Prostrate Trunks
Exposed Prostrate Trunks
Exposed Prostrate Trunks
Exposed Prostrate Trunks
St. John's, Newfoundland. Long Pond. Open coniferous woods. September 17, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones
Pouch Cove to Shoe Cove section of the East Coast Trail, Newfoundland. Edge of coniferous woods. October 24, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones on tree
Between Tilton and Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Trail along upper edge of pine plantation. Near "Lewis Plots". December 14, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Female Cone
Female Cone
Twig, Closeup
Twig
Twig Tip
Twig Tip [showing stunted growth]
Branches and Cones

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Picea glauca (Moench) E. G. Voss  -  White Spruce - [NF, LAB] [With Large-Spored Spruce-Labrador Tea Rust (Chrysomyxa ledicola)].
Flatrock, Newfoundland. Beamer Point. Coastal heath. August 20, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Needles with Rust
Needles with Rust
Branchlets with Rust
Branchlets with Rust with Labrador Tea
Branchlets with Rust with Labrador Tea
Branches with Rust with Labrador Tea
Branches with Rust with Labrador Tea
Needles with Rust with Labrador Tea
Cape St. Francis, Newfoundland. Coastal heath. August 30, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Needles with Rust
Needles with Rust
Needles with Rust
Branches with Rust
Branches with Rust
Branches with Rust

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Picea glauca (Moench) E. G. Voss  -  White Spruce - [NF, LAB] [With Eastern Spruce Gall Adelgid (Aldelges abietis)].
Bay Roberts, Newfoundland. Along old track. Edge of coniferous woods. April 9, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Galls, Old
Galls, Old
Galls, Old
Gall
Gall
Gall
Gall
Bay Roberts North, Newfoundland. Open Coniferous woods. April 24, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Gall
Gall
Needles, Closeup
Bay Roberts, Newfoundland. Old track. Open Coniferous woods. April 29, 2007. [Digital - John Maunder]
Gall
Gall
Cow Head Headland, Newfoundland. Open Coniferous woods. June 28, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Young Gall
St. John's, Newfoundland. Upper Rennies River. Open coniferous woods. September 14, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Gall
Gall

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Picea mariana (P. Miller) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg  -  Black Spruce - [NF, LAB]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. May 5-6, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Young Twigs and Hair, Ultra Closeup
Young Twigs and Hair, Ultra Closeup
Young Twigs and Hair, Ultra Closeup
Young Twigs and Hair, Ultra Closeup
Young Twigs and Hair, Extreme Closeup
Young Twigs and Hair, Extreme Closeup
Young Twigs and Hair, Closeup
Young Twigs and Hair, Closeup
Steady Brook, Newfoundland. Steady Brook Falls Trail. Mixed forest. July 4, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Spider
Spider
Cape St. Francis, Newfoundland. Gully Trail. Open stunted woods. July 11, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Male Cones
Male Cones
Male Cones
Male Cones
Female Cones
Female Cones
Female Cones
Female Cones
Cones
Burgeo, Newfoundland. Sandbanks Provincial Park. Open stunted woods. Near top of Grepe Lookout. July 15, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones and Branches
Treetop, Stunted Specimen
Steady Brook, Newfoundland. Steady Brook Falls Trail. Mixed forest. July 17, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Twig
Branch Tip
Steady Brook, Newfoundland. Steady Brook Falls Trail. Coniferous woods. Archeuthobium pusillum [Dwarf Mistletoe] parasitism. July 17, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Mistletoe Plants
Whole Mistletoe Plants
Whole Mistletoe Plants
Whole Mistletoe Plants
Examining Infected Trees
Witch's Broom in Black Spruce, caused by Dwarf Mistletoe
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Edge of low woods. September 7, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones and Twigs
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Coniferous woods near shore. September 24, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Twig, Extreme Closeup
Twig, Closeup
Between Tilton and Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Trail along upper edge of pine plantation. Near "Lewis Plots". December 14, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cones
Cones
Twig
Twig

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Picea cf. mariana (P. Miller) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg "upland ecotype" [tending toward Picea rubens - final identification pending]  -  Black Spruce "upland ecotype" - [NF, LAB]
Barr'd Harbour Hill, Highlands of St. John, Newfoundland. Just above high tension power line corridor. Mixed woods. July 12, 2002. , 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Twig A few light-coloured hairs.
Twig
Bark
Tree in Habitat

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Picea pungens Engelmann  -  Blue Spruce - [NF] [i]
St. John's, Newfoundland. Stavanger Drive area. Trail behind Princess Auto store. Coniferous woods. Single plant on trailside. September 3, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Leaves
Branch Tip
Branches
Branches

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Picea sitchense Engelmann  -  Sitka Spruce - [NF] [i]
Trepassey, Newfoundland. The "Lewis Plots" plantation. Open coniferous woods and heath. July 25, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Cone, Closeup
Cone
Leaves
Leaves
Leaves
Leaves
Leaves
Branch Tip
Branch
Branches
Top of Tree
Top of Tree
Bark
Trunk
Trunk and Lower Branches
Tree
Trees in Habitat
Trees in Habitat

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Pinus banksiana Lambert  -  Jack Pine - [NF] [i]
Between Tilton and Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Pine plantation. May 24, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Older Cone
Cone of Previous Year
Cone of Previous Year
Branch
Between Tilton and Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Pine plantation. October 26, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Old Cone
Old Cones and Leaves
Old Cones and Leaves
Very Old Cones
Leaves, Closeup
Leaves
Leaves
Twig and Leaves
Trees in Habitat
Marysvale, Newfoundland. Pine and spruce plantation. Formerly barren ridge. December 24, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
New Cone
New Cone
New Cones
New Cones
Old Cone
Old Cone
Old Cone
Old Cones
Old Cones
Old Cones
Old Cones
Very Old Cones
Leaves
Male Cones
Branch

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Pinus resinosa Solander ex Aiton  -  Red Pine - [NF - RARE]
Clarke's Beach, Newfoundland. Urban garden. May 31, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Female Cones
Female Cones and Leaves
Female Cones and Leaves
Male Cone
Branch Tip
Branches
Branches
Sandy Lake, Newfoundland. South shore. June 21, 1971. [Transparency - John Maunder]
Pure stand, with Kalmia angustifolia and reindeer lichen understory.
Between Gambo and Glovertown, Newfoundland. Near "Pine Acres" Farm. Protected pure stand. July 1, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Female Cone
Female Cone
Female Cone
Female Cone
Male Cones and Leaves
Trees in Habitat
West Brook, Newfoundland. September 12, 2008. [Digital - Claudia Hanel]
Mature Trees
Mature Stand
Understory
Between Gambo and Glovertown, Newfoundland. Near "Pine Acres" Farm. Protected pure stand. October 10, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Trees in Habitat
Trees in Habitat
Trees in Habitat
Trees in Habitat
Trees in Habitat
Trees in Habitat

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Pinus strobus Linnaeus  -  Eastern White Pine - [NF]
North Arm Mountain, east of Stowberg's Brook, Bay of Islands, Newfoundland. Krummholtz on serpentine. July 17, 2000. [Transparencies - Nathalie Djan-Chékar]
Dwarf Specimens amongst Larix
Dwarf Specimens amongst Larix
Blow-me-down Mountain Trail, Humber Arm, Newfoundland. Serpentine-rich rock barrens. July 18, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Female Cone
Female Cones
Male Cones and Leaves
Male Cones and Leaves
Whole Stunted Tree in Habitat
Whole Stunted Tree, with Stunted Larix laricina in front.

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Pinus sylvestris Linnaeus  -  Scots Pine - [NF] [e]
Clarke's Beach, Newfoundland. Urban garden. May 31, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Male Cone
Female Cone
Female Cone
Old Cones and Leaves
Leaves
Branch
Branch
Tree
Brigus, Newfoundland. Planted in town. June 11, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Male Cone, Closeup
Male Cone
Male Cone
Male Cones
Male Cones
Female Cones
Female Cones

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Pinus sylvestris Linnaeus  -  Scots Pine [= "Caledonian Pine" - native Scottish form]- [NF] [e]
Clarke's Beach, Newfoundland. Urban garden. May 31, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Male Cone
Male Cone
Male Cone
Trunk [orange]
Trunk [orange]
Trunk [orange]

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